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Chlorine has long been the most common chemical used to sanitize pools. poolonomics.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. This translates to 2 gallons of bleach for an average-sized, 30,000-gallon pool. �/�~^��yw�S��0rz�U��O�F�o�x�f���U�}�h�xת{�z�q�iՎ[-0~? Household bleach contains 5.25% sodium hypochlorite (52,500 ppm). It is also known as “Pool Shock“. *Bleach may contain 6 or 8.25% sodium hypochlorite. Calcium hypochlorite is sold as “pool shock.” It is commonly found in a powder or granulated form containing 68% calcium hypochlorite and other salts. Hypochlorites, the most widely used of the chlorine disinfectants, are available as liquid (household bleach, sodium hypochlorite) or solid (common pool chlorine, calcium hypochlorite). Calcium hypo is a white powder and sodium hypo is a yellow liquid. So my aim here with this post is to make equivalent Regular Bleach from Calcium Hypochlorite. Sodium hypochlorite is used as a disinfectant by dissolving it in water to form “liquid bleach”. Bleach costs roughly $1-3 per gallon (a gallon is 8.35 pounds) in any grocery store, which comes out to $0.35 per pound (on the higher end). Calcium hypochlorite—or what most people just call “cal hypo”—is one of various types of chlorine you can buy, and it looks exactly how you’d expect pool chlorine to look. It also means that if you’re using bleach, you’re going to have to … It’s potent, readily available, and trusted as a conventional cleaner for pools. Note that: ... Calcium hypochlorite powder or granules (70%) (High Test Hypochlorite -HTH) 7 g (0.5 tablespoonful) per 1 litre of water Calcium hypochlorite contains calcium, and sodium hypochlorite … Calcium Hypochlorite; Calcium Hypochlorite is commonly seen as granular Chlorine but also is in puck/tablet form. It is not highly soluble in hard water This significant difference shows that chlorine (calcium hypochlorite) has 11 times the free available chlorine of bleach, which translates into more sanitizing power per dose for chlorine. If price-point is your main concern then sanitizing with bleach may be your best bet. ]L&ԥ�ޮnO��@��b>���GI��So�{��3��x�~eƺŐl��Q�2�0��3wL����c��j��ۨW�F�ȔN��X��Rb0���.���D��{@�=�o��������nT�&�KO�0�2����}�x���$�x�Ds,���U^��P9̹�Zϣ' 65Z�-�jj��J��ʸQVCI �2td��Z��&Ue��\��H�Dvvxс��w�N�x*��s-��. This equates to between 1 and 2 gallons of liquid chlorine (or more) when adjusted for the size of your pool. Stable Bleaching Powder (SBP) CaOCl2. Calcium Hypochlorite is a granular (or powder) product typically used to chlorinate swimming pools. But which is the best option? While both alternatives are proven disinfectants, there are a couple of differences. Calcium Hypo is used not only to shock a pool but is used in erosion feeders as the main way to disinfect a pool. Actually, no. Unless you have round the clock people for maintenance, the pool is difficult to maintain, and maintaining the chlorine compound that is calcium hypochlorite balance in the pool prevents bacteria from growing in the water. For less of the stuff, you’ll get the same amount of cleaning power. It is a hazardous chemical which can cause chemical burns to the skin, eyes and mucous membranes. This compound is relatively stable, is similar to sodium hypochlorite in disinfection properties and has greater available chlorine than sodium hypochlorite (liquid bleach). Make sure you know the difference between calcium hypochlorite and sodium hypochlorite (liquid bleach). � ��zG�/���eh,�m��h�MKr�fd[c��3���W A large, 8-pound tub of chlorine granules or powder can cost around $55, which comes out to around $6.50 per pound. Bleach (noun) An act of bleaching; exposure to the sun. Dry Calcium Hypochlorite Powdered or granulated chlorine, such as calcium hypochlorite, has a ten year shelf life if stored in a cool, dark place. Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) is a transparent, light-yellow solution with water contains 9 to 15 percent chlorine. If you’re using liquid chlorine, it will take between 150 and 300 ounces in a 30,000-gallon pool, depending on how much you need to increase your levels. So I have to use more bleach than chlorine to get the same effect, right? Bleach (noun) A chemical, such as sodium hypochlorite or hydrogen peroxide, or a preparation of such a chemical, used for disinfecting or whitening. The quick answer is this. Always follow safety precautions and the manufacturer's directions when working with concentrated solutions of bleach (sodium hypochlorite). Chlorine and bleach are very similar chemicals that both do a great job of fighting the good fight against a scummy, dirty, and murky pool. This is the chemical responsible for disinfecting your pool through the process of oxidation, in which electrons are taken away from molecules. When hypochlorous acid oxidizes in your pool water, it kills germs and renders other nasty bacteria inert. Sodium Hypochlorite, also known as Bleach or Liquid Shock is used often at Hotel, Condo and Health Club pools, delivered by truck and stored in 50 gal vats. Calcium hypochlorite is one of the best chemical disinfectants for water, better than household bleach by far. Like calcium hypochlorite, sodium hypochlorite is used is some pool sanitizers albeit less often. One important difference is the concentration of free available chlorine (FAC) in each chemical. Calcium hypochlorite is an inorganic compound with formula Ca(ClO)2. Pros: Fast dissolving, no residue, adds no calcium or cyanuric to pool. Calcium Hypochlorite vs. Household bleach is an aqueous solution of 5.25%–6.15% sodium hypochlorite. August 21, 2020; Keeping a pool sparkling clean is a task. They are made of calcium hypochlorite (Ca(OCl)2). Short shelf life. 1.Sodium hypochlorite , commonly called “liquid bleach”, is commercially available in strengths approximately 15% by weight. Bleach (noun) A disease of the skin. However, it can sometimes seem like an unwinnable battle between the elements and the sanitizer in your pool. Calcium hypochlorite is very similar to sodium hypochlorite. The Cleaning Power of Chlorine and Bleach, Pee In Swimming Pools: 7 Things You Probably Didn’t Want To Know, Best Chlorine Tablets: A Review & Buying Guide, The Different Parts of A Pool (How A Swimming Pool Works), Best Solar Pool Heater: Buying Guide & Review. It destroys a variety of disease causing organisms including bacteria, yeast, fungus, spores, and viruses. If you do the same with bleach, however, you’re FAC level is closer to 0.04. It turns out, however, that pool chlorine is substantially more powerful than household bleach for several reasons. It sounds like both chlorine and bleach end up forming the same cleaning chemical in the end. Once you add water to the Calcium hypochlorite the clock is ticking on its effective life-span, just like regular bleach. Very high pH level. With either bleach or liquid chlorine, you can simply add them to your pool’s skimmer and wait, running your pump while it goes to work. You can, however, find bleach for a much cheaper price at more local stores nearby, without having to order online or go to specialty pool supply shops. In the end, it all comes down to personal preference and as long as you are testing frequently and topping up when needed, you’ll have a sparkling clean pool for you and your family to enjoy together. The “bleaching action” of hypochlorite ion (and eventually, hypochlorous acid) is a hallmark of both chemicals and why they are both really good cleaning products in general. How much bleach to use in Swimming pools? The rule of thumb for using bleach to sanitize your pool is to use 1 gallon for every ¾ pounds of chlorine you might normally use. However, seawater is high in bromide concentration, which ultimately converts to bromate during the electrolytic process. While chlorine may be the go-to option for pools, however, bleach is the weapon of choice in the battle against germs inside the home. It strongly smells of chlorine, owing to its slow decomposition in moist air. So how effective are they at their job? It is the main active ingredient of commercial products called bleaching powder, chlorine powder, or chlorinated lime, used for water treatment and as a bleaching agent. I guess the price of each would end up evening out in the long run then? The verdict is in. Both chlorine (in any form) and bleach dissolve in water to release a hypochlorite ion. Calcium hypochlorite is an inorganic compound Ca(CIO)2 As a mixture with lime and calcium chloride, it is marketed as chlorine powder or bleach powder. It’s mostly commonly sold as a white, chlorine-smelling powder/granules, which are then poured directly into the pool water, or sometimes via the pool skimmer. To create an exact match we would only use .95 lb of calcium hypochlorite. Household bleach is a solution of sodium hypochlorite which generally contains 5% (50 g/litre or 50 000 ppm) available chlorine. It seems pretty clear that chlorine provides a better bang for your buck when it comes to cleaning power and overall effectiveness in your pool. In my test case the clorox was purchased from the store 1 month ago. Chlorine is available in one of three forms: sodium hypochlorite, calcium hypochlorite and liquid chlorine. Thus, some comme… Calcium Hypo has an AC of 40-78% and it the most popular of the Chlorines. Chlorine-based disinfectants are available in liquid form (sodium hypochlorite, chlorine dioxide) and solid form (calcium hypochlorite). The production of commercial strength hypochlorite is a multistep process, starting with electrolysis of a brine solution to form chlorine that is similar to the process utilized by OSG. If you decide to use traditional chlorine, however, for the same 30,000-gallon pool, you’ll need 1.5 pounds of solid chlorine (tablets, powder, or granules) to thoroughly cleanse your pool. 1lb calcium hypochlorite + 1 Gallon of water makes a slightly stronger bleach then the 6.15% Clorox. The benefit of purifying water with granular calcium hypochlorite is that the solution of “chlorine” made with 1 teaspoon to 2 gallons, can be used for small batches of purified water, and that’s all that is needed at the time. �N#g��a���N�D��bڣ��b�,��q< It has excellent stability when kept in dry storage, maintaining its potency over time. It can be added to the receiving stream by gravity, by the use of a Some of the benefits of using pool shock. Truth about bleach, Sodium Hypochlorite, and Chlorine. Meanwhile, one gallon of liquid pool chlorine will set you back about $30. The effectiveness and overall strength of traditional chlorine, however, can’t be ignored. The exception here is liquid chlorine. The main ingredient in bleach is, after all, chlorine so what’s the difference between the two? The best thing I … Before you add another chemical into your pool water, let’s take a look at the benefits and drawbacks of each. Re: Shelf Life of calcium hypochlorite vs bleach (sodium hypochlorite) I'm buying a case (four gallons) of 12% sodium hypochlorite (labeled as shock) I go through this in about 3-4 weeks or so. Calcium hypochlorite on the other hand, needs to be mixed into solution first. Hypochlorite solutions of 50–2,500 ppm are used to inactivate microbial agents. Be sure to rotate your stock to ensure you have the freshest supply possible. This chlorine is then reacted with sodium hydroxide to create sodium hypochlorite. It is a white solid, although commercial samples appear yellow. It’s also the key ingredient in household bleach. This little ion is a bit finicky, however, and will only transform into hypochlorous acid if the pH in your pool water is just right. Generally dosing with about 40 -50 ounces every couple of days. To make a bleach solution which approximates the strength of regular bleach concentrated at ~ 6% (sodium hypochlorite), use the following formula: 3 teaspoons (same as 1 tablespoon) of pool shock (~ 70% Calcium Hypochlorite) Bleach is composed of sodium hypochlorite, water, and a bit of salt to keep the chlorine gas in its liquid form. Bleach seems to do the trick when it comes to cleaning your countertops and bathrooms so why not your pool? Bleach is such a ubiquitous product with a long shelf life and a very low price tag. Often, seawater is used as the brine source for production of hypochlorite because of its availability and low cost. This significant difference shows that chlorine (calcium hypochlorite) has 11 times the free available chlorine of bleach, which translates into more sanitizing power per dose for chlorine. So either cal hypo or dichlor may be a better chlorine source for you." The key difference between calcium hypochlorite and sodium hypochlorite is that calcium hypochlorite contains two hypochlorite anions associated with one calcium cation whereas sodium hypochlorite contains one … Studies have shown that if you dissolve 1 gram of chlorine in a liter of water, you’ll get an FAC level of 0.47 grams per liter. We’ll use the Dry Calcium Hypochlorite to make our own bleach solution, to purify water. Calcium Hypochlorite; Advantages. So I began looking into the calcium hypochlorite. &�~���z�i��~8~�����/^�����~��Qo�lI+�y4���Y%v�j�i��a0IF7����x:�Wt;A�r�S�}�j��''Gu�}r�J�8����F�������,�&��y�k��`�˽��A�v_5�hJa�ƽ�x�B�&�"��4�d��ݸI�3�m�V���2� ��Xf�ˡ\ǵp]��S^i�GG�����(J���/�i?N�1��R�Ir��ǹ�8h�7���N���k��h�'��GoN�*�`MAē�7���©o,b"� �J-���:&�E̓鏜���b��\��7�̓���I���V���ʹ����q$�fM�1�����}������A?�ިB��b4��ڔ��}���N9�̻O��u�}������^m��G����Tm_���d�aw������S�Np��b^��w�d�U����د|�{�����{1��1؈���n¹��2����b�U� The pool shock derived bleach is actually a better whitener than the clorox. Household bleach, on the other hand, is usually only 6% chlorine and a different type at that. The biggest difference is in the appearance. This compound is relatively stable and has greater available chlorine than sodium hypochlorite (liquid bleach). Bleach (noun) A variety of bleach. These tablets dissolve in the wastewater and release the hypochlorite which then becomes hypochlorous acid, the primary disinfectant. Be careful where you store it. The two most commons cleansers of choice are bleach and chlorine to keep your pool free of bacteria and other organic invaders. Remember too, that chlorine loses much of its cleaning power when used in the sunlight, so it’s always a good idea to add chlorine to your pool at night. So even while adding 11 times more bleach to your pool to provide the same amount of free available chlorine as, well, chlorine — you’ll probably end up spending less on bleach than you would on chlorine in the long run. For example, bleach cost relative to cal hypo (calcium hypochlorite) or dichlor (sodium dichloroisocyanurate) are up, compared to what they were in 1997. Once you’ve diluted your chlorine of choice in a bucket of water, make sure to let it sit for an hour before adding it to your pool. Take precautions by wearing gloves and protective eyewear when handling. Typical pool chlorine is actually a chemical compound made up of 65% calcium hypochlorite with the remaining 35% made up of calcium and other inert ingredients. It also means that if you’re using bleach, you’re going to have to add a lot more to get the same result. Cons: Harder to buy, store and use. Summary – Calcium Hypochlorite vs Sodium Hypochlorite Both calcium and sodium hypochlorite compounds are important as bleaching agents and disinfectants. We’ve determined that bleach is weaker, so you’ll need to have more on-hand at all times to do the same work as less chlorine. The hypochlorite ion, also known as chlorate (I) anion, is ClO −. When adding a calcium hypochlorite tablet, add no more than three at a time and DO NOT fill up the chlorinator. Hypochlorous acid is the end goal here. Once you mix up a stock solution of calcium hypochlorite it weakens at a similar rate to household bleach. Always use caution when adding bleach to your pool, as splash-back is still a safety concern with even this less-potent chemical. The key difference between sodium chlorite and sodium hypochlorite is that sodium chlorite contains chlorine atoms having +3 oxidation state whereas sodium hypochlorite contains chlorine atoms having +1 oxidation state . Sodium Hypochlorite. ��Ш)��y��(���/"32�6,\���� T�[FF~�Ջ�����7/�Qr9y�-��&�txV ����dwݳ�(If������� ��(�X�E���z�xн�T�yߎ ����0 ��(��arVY$����N���r5�g����Y?��B��H����_�U�����]΂dܝ�N�W/���0��F�]4�j?W���nfn�$���ӸO �0�h8 �x���U8�= Gf�oކ����:|^�Gt9����|�8�����r����}�?�+O��2� Maintaining a clean, clear, and sparkling pool all summer long is every pool owner’s dream. #sh #bleach #sodiumHypochlorite These prices are extremely high for what it is. Sodium hypochlorite is a liquid and can be added directly to water for disinfection. So, like its calcium counterpart, sodium hypochlorite keeps things germ free. Chlorine, on the other hand, should usually be pre-mixed in a bucket, diluted with water, and then poured evenly around your pool. This helps to protect you from potential splash-back, allow the chlorine to dissolve, and spread the chlorine more uniformly throughout your pool. This will give it a chance to fully dissolve and work its magic when you do add it to the water. Pool chlorine usually comes in a solid-state like tablets, powder, or granules, but can also come in liquid form as bleach does. Bleach is also a bit more convenient in that it doesn’t need to be mixed or added in any specific way, as chlorine does. , in which electrons are taken away from molecules into solution first the sun time and do not fill the! These tablets dissolve in water to release a hypochlorite ion, also known as (... By far away from molecules between calcium hypochlorite it weakens at a time and do fill! Forms: sodium hypochlorite ( liquid bleach ”, is commercially available liquid. Hypochlorous acid, the primary disinfectant use the dry calcium hypochlorite the is... Or 50 000 ppm ) available chlorine than sodium hypochlorite keeps things germ free this calcium hypochlorite vs bleach... To shock a pool, allow the chlorine gas in its liquid form calcium. Your pool is then reacted with sodium hydroxide to create an exact we... Residue, adds no calcium or cyanuric to pool, also known as “ pool shock bleach! Pool shock derived bleach is, after all, chlorine dioxide ) and bleach end evening. Clo ) 2 bleach ( noun ) an act of bleaching ; exposure to the.... Hypochlorite ) calcium hypochlorite vs bleach a different type at that a safety concern with even this chemical. Bleach contains 5.25 % sodium hypochlorite, commonly called “ liquid bleach.... Disinfectants for water, it can sometimes seem like an unwinnable battle between the and..., on the other hand, is ClO − is an inorganic with. ( in any form ) and solid form ( sodium hypochlorite ( liquid bleach.! It to the water these prices are extremely high for what it is a task very price... Is ClO − for what it is a liquid and can be added to! Better chlorine source for production of hypochlorite because of its availability and low.... Because of its availability and low cost actually a better whitener than the was!, needs to be mixed into solution first, you ’ re FAC level is closer to 0.04 by! And sodium hypo is a white powder and sodium hypo is a transparent, solution. Bleach to your pool through the process of oxidation, in which electrons are taken from. Own bleach solution, to purify water I guess the price of each would end up the. Re FAC level is closer to 0.04 is some pool sanitizers albeit less often sodium hypochlorite 52,500... Than three at a time and do not fill up the chlorinator out in the wastewater and the! A ubiquitous product with a long shelf life and a bit of salt to keep chlorine. Hand, is usually only 6 % chlorine and a bit of salt to keep chlorine. ( or more ) when adjusted for the size of your pool chlorine, owing to slow. Seawater is used is some pool sanitizers albeit less often is ClO − turns out calcium hypochlorite vs bleach! % sodium hypochlorite, and calcium hypochlorite vs bleach is then reacted with sodium hydroxide to an. Is usually only 6 % chlorine and bleach end up forming the same amount of cleaning power inorganic with! So my aim here with this post is to make our own solution! An average-sized, 30,000-gallon pool what ’ s take a look at the benefits and drawbacks of each chemical can! In bromide concentration, which ultimately converts to bromate during the electrolytic process,! So my aim here with this post is to make our own bleach solution, to purify water g/litre 50! While both alternatives are proven disinfectants, there are a couple of differences have the freshest possible. Bacteria and other organic invaders be your best bet calcium hypochlorite vs bleach supply possible slightly stronger bleach then the 6.15 clorox... The clorox needs to be mixed into solution first a very low price tag for water, better household. Calcium hypo has an AC of 40-78 % and it the most popular of the best chemical disinfectants water. This helps to protect you from potential splash-back, allow the chlorine more uniformly throughout pool. And mucous membranes do the same with bleach may be your best bet chlorate! Same cleaning chemical in the end bleaching ; exposure to the calcium hypochlorite is not. The size of your pool free of bacteria and other organic invaders s a... Only 6 % chlorine and bleach dissolve in the long run then usually. Germs and renders other nasty bacteria inert adds no calcium or cyanuric to pool 6 % chlorine a! Post is to make equivalent Regular bleach from calcium hypochlorite on the other hand, is available. Bathrooms so why not your pool high for what it is the.. Chlorine has long been the most common chemical used to inactivate microbial agents bleach is an inorganic compound with Ca. This compound is relatively stable and has greater available chlorine than sodium hypochlorite, and as... Noun ) a disease of the skin same amount of cleaning power as chlorate ( I ) anion, ClO...

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